Nangeli-Abolishment of breast tax

If many of you are like me, you’ve probably never heard of mulakkaram. The Breast Tax was a tax imposed on the lower caste and untouchable Hindu women by the Kingdom of Tranvancore if they wanted to cover their breasts in public, until 1924. The lower caste and untouchable women were expected to pay the government a tax on their breasts, as soon as they started developing breasts.

I thought I had heard of crazy taxes before but this one is ridiculous. It’s as bad as that African Reed Dance.

The Kingdom of Travancore, also known as the Kingdom of Thiruvithamkoor, was an Indian kingdom from c. 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruvananthapuram. It found in 1720 and was dissolved in 1948

Desert flower

This is a true old folklore that many of 21th century haven’t heard. It is one of the first feminist acts in India started by a strong powerful women called Nageli who was born in a low caste of – Ezhavas-toddy tappers (who laboured in that awkward gap of society fashions ) and she went create history that will forever be remembered in history of feminism in India.

It took place in the early 19th century at a princely state called Travanacore in a simple village called Cherthala in heart of Kerala.

A breast tax (mulakkaram) was imposed by the Bramin king on lower caste Hindu women. The women were forced to pay the taxes if they wished to cover their breasts in public with a shawl(long piece of scarf).The tax varied from women to women as it was assessed on proportion to the size and shape of their breasts. The…

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A. White, an award winning former librarian, who is also a long time member of Romantic Time and Publisher's Weekly. A. White has been writing for over fifteen years. She took classes in creative writing in college, specializing in ancient myths and legends. and later at a local community center while living in Chicago. In college she won the national contest to verbally list every country in the world, it's capital and ingenious language. Her works are mainly horror, fantasy, extreme, and sci-fi as well as, as some may says, "the truly strange predicament and puzzling." Books that I've written are "Clash with the Immortals, and eleven others which are part of the "Unholy Pursuit saga,". She has been working on the Chronicles since 2007. She wished to complete them all before introducing them to public so the readers wouldn't have to for the continuation to be written. The ideas of the book come from classic literature such as whose work greatly influence the world world such as Homer, Sophocles, Herodotus, Euripides, Socrates, Hippocrates, Aristophanes, Plato, Aristotle and many more. The "Book of Enoch" influenced the usage of Azazael as a main character and love interest. I created the primary main character from the Chronicle of Saints. I wanted to show them as real flesh and blood with thoughts, desires and yearning as any human. Not as they are so often depicted. So I created one of my own to show her as a real human that everyone can relate to.
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8 Responses to Nangeli-Abolishment of breast tax

  1. Neel Kamal says:

    This was a very oppressive tax against lower caste women in Kerala,

    Liked by 1 person

    • I don’t think “oppressive” begin to describe the true underlying nature of this taxation. It was strictly designed to humiliate and keep a certain caste of women sexually submissive to the men.

      The law of that era offered the woman no protection shall she were attacked by an upper class or any male for that matter. The blame-the-victim-syndrome is beyond terrible today, so I can’t even begin to imagine what it was like over 200 years ago. It’s being punished simply for being born female.

      “To add on the insult, the tax money was evaluated by the tax collectors depending on the size of women’s breasts. The officials openly take a look at the shape and size of the breast, larger the breast higher were the taxes. The women were harassed sexually, were abused, ever-teasing, and most importantly the feeling of walking bare body when upper-class women were allowed to wear the upper garment was crippling the mental, social status of the lower caste. It was sticking on the dignity of women.”

      It’s sad so little is known about this. Most of the world never heard of it.


  2. Cella says:

    I thought I had heard all the obscure reasons to tax someone, but this is the dumbest one I have heard of yet. 😱😱😱😱😤😤🙅🙅👎👎💰💰❌❌❌

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Cella says:

    I thought I had heard it all as obscure reasons to tax someone but this is the dumbest one I have heard of yet. 😱😱😱🙅🙅👎👎this was horrible. Punishing you for being a woman 💰💰❌❌❌

    Liked by 1 person

    • I see no other justification for it than to have free access to sexual women. If it was strictly about money– Why did not they tax men to keep their penis covered? This was designed and was the law for over 200 years; from 1729 -1949.


  4. Dora says:

    I thought Victoria was such an advocator for women rights? Why didn’t she put a stop to this?

    Liked by 1 person

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