In The End: Their fight for survival is only the beginning

by GJ Stevens

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How many people did Rome crucify?

How many people did Rome crucify?

The exact number of people killed in this horrible manner is unknown for their deaths often were not recorded. Only people of means death were recorded.

There was a gory road leading from Rome heading toward Jerusalem called Christian Way where untold number of Christians lost their lives to this barbaric method of execution. The road was designated as a way to display Christians to the Roman public.

Christianity was viewed as protest or insurgency against the authority of Rome because it spoke of another king and not the emperor of Rome.

Crucifixion was meant to degrading and a slow death. I know it’s shown in painting the victim wearing a loincloth but in reality they were nailed to a cross shaped two beams naked and bleeding.

Hundreds of thousands of early Christians lost their lives before the reign of Constantine. Entire towns and villages have been known to be killed in this manner.

The most famous crucifixion in the world took place when, according to the New Testament, when Jesus was put to death by the Romans. But he was far from the only person who perished on a cross. Thousands perished before and afterward.

Below is an ancient Roman graffito of Jesus on the Cross. He was called a donkey as to the why the graffiti shows a donkey head on a human. His followers were called Ass Followers.

Donkey headed Jesus- A graffiti made nearly 2,000 years ago.

It’s believed that 2,000 Jews were crucified. The practice became especially popular in the Roman-occupied Holy Land. In 4 B.C., the Roman general Varus crucified 2,000 Jews, and there were mass crucifixions during the first century A.D., according to the Roman-Jewish historian Josephus.

In antiquity, thousands upon thousands of people were crucified, which at the time was considered to be one of the most brutal and shameful ways to die.

In Rome, the crucifixion process was a long one, entailing scourging (more on that later) before the victim was nailed and hung from the cross.

How did this terrible death sentence begin? And what types of people were usually crucified? Here’s a look at the history of this savage practice.

Crucifixion most likely began with the Assyrians and Babylonians, and it was also practiced systematically by the by the Persians in the sixth century B.C., according to a 2003 report in the South African Medical Journal (SAMJ). At this time, the victims were usually tied, feet dangling, to a tree or post; crosses weren’t used until Roman times, according to the report.

From there, Alexander the Great, who invaded Persia as he built his empire, brought the practice to eastern Mediterranean countries in the fourth century B.C. But Roman officials weren’t aware of the practice until they encountered it while fighting Carthage during the Punic Wars in the third century B.C.

For the next 500 years, the Romans “perfected crucifixion” until Constantine I abolished it in the fourth century A.D., co-authors Francois Retief and Louise Cilliers, professors in the Department of English and Classical Culture at the University of the Free State in South Africa, wrote in the SAMJ report.

However, given that crucifixion was seen as an extremely shameful way to die, Rome tended not to crucify its own citizens unless the person was rebellious against the republic. Instead, slaves, disgraced soldiers, Christians, foreigners, and — in particular — political activists often lost their lives in this way, Retief and Cilliers reported. When Rome’s legions crucified its enemies, however, local tribes wasted no time in retaliating.

For instance, in 9 A.D., the victorious Germanic leader Arminius crucified many of the defeated soldiers who had fought with Varus, and in 28 A.D., Germanic tribesmen crucified Roman tax collectors, according to the report.

The practice became especially popular in the Roman-occupied Holy Land. In 4 B.C., the Roman general Varus crucified 2,000 Jews, and there were mass crucifixions during the first century A.D., according to the Roman-Jewish historian Josephus.

“Christ was crucified on the pretext that he instigated rebellion against Rome, on a par with zealots and other political activists,” the authors wrote in the report.

What did crucifixion entail?

In Rome, people condemned to crucifixion were scourged beforehand, with the exception of women, [ The scourging marks on woman named Alkimilla proved that women were scourged as well.]

Alkimilla-crucifixion- Nothing else is known about her other than her name was craved on her right shoulder.

Roman senators and soldiers (unless they had deserted), Retief and Cilliers wrote. During scourging, a person was stripped naked, tied to a post, and then flogged across the back, buttocks and legs by Roman soldiers.

This excessive whipping would weaken the victim, causing deep wounding, severe pain and bleeding attracting carrion birds when left to die. “Frequently the victim fainted during the procedure and sudden death was not uncommon,” the authors wrote. “The victim was then usually taunted, then forced to carry the patibulum [the crossbar of a cross] tied across his shoulders to the place of execution.”

The cruelty didn’t stop there. That was too nice for the condemned. Sometimes, the Roman soldiers would hurt the victim further, cutting off a body part, such as the tongue, or blinding him. In another heinous turn, Josephus reported how soldiers under Antiochus IV, the Hellenistic Greek king of the Seleucid Empire, would have the victim’s strangled child hung around his neck.

The heinous persecution of Christians can be historically traced from the first century of the Christian era to the present day. Christian missionaries and converts to Christianity have both been targeted for persecution, sometimes to the point of being martyred for their faith, ever since the emergence of Christianity.

Since the emergence of Christian states in Late Antiquity, the Middle Ages, Christians have also been persecuted by other Christians due to differences in doctrine which have been declared heretical.

Early Christians were persecuted for their faith at the hands of both the Jews, from whose religion Christianity arose from, and the Romans who controlled many of the lands across which early Christianity was spread in the Roman Empire. The Jewish method of execution was stoning. Christians were convicted of blasphemy by saying Jesus was the Son of God and God incarnated.

During the 70 years before Rome destroyed Jerusalem, there was an assassin squad authorized by the pharisees who walked the streets with daggers under their robes and stabbed known Christians.

One of the most famous stoning was the death of Stephen, one of the original twelve Apostles. James, the brother of Jesus was executed by being thrown from the wall of Jerusalem.

Christianity was determined to be stomped out.

The next step varied with location. In Jerusalem, women would offer the condemned a pain-relieving drink, usually of wine and myrrh or incense. Then, the victim would be tied or nailed to the patibulum. After that, the patibulum was lifted and affixed to the upright post of the cross, and the feet would be tied or nailed to it.

While the victim awaited death, soldiers would commonly divide up the victim’s clothes among themselves. But death didn’t always come quickly; it took anywhere from three hours to four days to expire. Sometimes, the process was sped up by additional physical abuse from the Roman soldiers. Such as stabbing the person to death or piercing their side to drain the fluids.

When the person died, family members could collect and bury the body, once they received permission from a Roman judge. Otherwise, the corpse was left on the cross, where predatory animals and birds would devour it. To investigate crucifixion (without actually killing anybody), German researchers tied volunteers by their wrists to a cross and then monitored their respiratory and cardiovascular activity in the 1960s. Within 6 minutes, the volunteers had trouble breathing, their pulse rates had doubled, and their blood pressure had plummeted, according to the 1963 study in the journal Berlin Medicine (Berliner Medizin). The experiment had to be stopped after about 30 minutes, because of wrist pain.

That said, victims could have died from various causes, including multiple-organ failure and respiratory failure, Retief and Cilliers wrote. Given the pain and suffering entailed, it’s no wonder that crucifixion spawned the word “excruciating,” which means “out of the cross.”

Another brutal practice Rome taught the world. That is harassing and haggling an enemy or someone disliked until the person die or an agent of Rome gets the opportunity to kill them. [Sounds a lot like gang-stalking] If they can’t outright kill them because they are too powerful, then they kept up a ruthless, death campaign against the person dies or until the opportunity arrived to kill them. Their most famous victims were Cleopatra and Hannibal. But there were many more. Despite the Romans contributions to the world. The ancient Romans were perhaps some of the most brutal people to have ever lived.

Posted in children, Christianity, evil, Historical fiction, Martyr, pain and suffering, religion | Tagged , , , , , , | 23 Comments

Happy Easter Everyone!

I hope everyone had a delightful Good FridayHappy Easter  and remember the true meaning of Easter.

Posted in Christianity, paranormal romance,, Personal thoughts | 16 Comments

Wishing You A Blessed Good Friday.

Wishing You A Blessed Good Friday.

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Saint Azazael -also known as Saint Pancras

https://mycatholic.life/saints/saints-of-the-liturgical-year/may-12-saint-pancras-martyr/

Saint. Azazael was a Roman citizen who converted to Christianity and was beheaded for his faith at the age of fourteen in AD 304. He was also known as St. Pancras. In Greek, his name means “one who holds everything”. His dukhrono (commemoration) is celebrated on 12th of August in the Syriac Orthodox Church. At first, he was venerated along with St. Nereus and St. Achilleus on 12th May.

Little is known with certainty about the life of Saint Pancras, but the essential facts are sufficient cause for admiration. Pancras was an orphan who traveled to Rome from the east in the company of his uncle. The pair converted to Christianity and then died for that conversion during the reign of Diocletian. Pancras was perhaps fourteen years old when he traded his earthly life for a better one in heaven. He likely became well known owing to his rare combination of youth and heroic witness. Our martyr was buried near a major Roman road, and a modest basilica was constructed over his tomb. The shrine and its catacombs became a popular pilgrimage destination, partly due to its healing bath, which was famous for its curative powers.  The ravages of time and foreign armies degraded the shrine, but it was rebuilt several times over the centuries. In the seventeenth century, the Basilica of Saint Pancras was entrusted to the Discalced Carmelite Order, whose members still reside there today. Under the Basilica are extensive Roman catacombs, and a reliquary in the church contains the head of Saint Pancras. The rest of the saint’s relics were scattered to the four winds by anti-Catholic armies who occupied the church and despoiled many of its treasures.

Saint Azazael died at fourteen

He was threatened with death if he did not burn incense to a false god. The boy stood fast. Like other more famous young martyrs, such as Saint Agnes, the idealism of youth provoked both admiration and fury in his persecutors, and he was taken beyond the walls of Rome to be decapitated.   

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Where Irises Never Grow Paperback – November 29, 2020

by Paulette Mahurin

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Submerging: An Epic Fantasy Adventure Series (The Starlight Chronicles Book 3

by C. S. Johnson

There are two more before this one.

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Laughter Lines: Life from the Tail End Kindle Edition

by Sue Vincent

Do you know what really happened between George and the Dragon? Or why Briar Rose got her name? And have you ever suffered the indignity of an overdunked ginger nut?
Take a life with a small dog in tow, add a dash of red hair dye, a selection of crumbling biscuits and a passion for recitable verse… The result is a recipe for laughter. Sue Vincent shares her world in verse.

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Into Spirit…

We lost a beloved member of the blogging community.

Sue Vincent's Daily Echo

Sue Vincent

14th September 1958 – 29th March 2021

R.I.P

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